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The First Civil Right: How Liberals Built Prison America By Naomi Murakawa,

  • Title: The First Civil Right: How Liberals Built Prison America
  • Author: Naomi Murakawa
  • ISBN: 9780199892785
  • Page: 264
  • Format: Hardcover
  • The explosive rise in the U.S incarceration rate in the second half of the twentieth century, and the racial transformation of the prison population from mostly white at mid century to sixty five percent black and Latino in the present day, is a trend that cannot easily be ignored Many believe that this shift began with the tough on crime policies advocated by RepublicThe explosive rise in the U.S incarceration rate in the second half of the twentieth century, and the racial transformation of the prison population from mostly white at mid century to sixty five percent black and Latino in the present day, is a trend that cannot easily be ignored Many believe that this shift began with the tough on crime policies advocated by Republicans and southern Democrats beginning in the late 1960s, which sought longer prison sentences, frequent use of the death penalty, and the explicit or implicit targeting of politically marginalized people In The First Civil Right, Naomi Murakawa inverts the conventional wisdom by arguing that the expansion of the federal carceral state a system that disproportionately imprisons blacks and Latinos was, in fact, rooted in the civil rights liberalism of the 1940s and early 1960s, not in the period after Murakawa traces the development of the modern American prison system through several presidencies, both Republican and Democrat Responding to calls to end the lawlessness and violence against blacks at the state and local levels, the Truman administration expanded the scope of what was previously a weak federal system Later administrations from Johnson to Clinton expanded the federal presence even Ironically, these steps laid the groundwork for the creation of the vast penal archipelago that now exists in the United States What began as a liberal initiative to curb the mob violence and police brutality that had deprived racial minorities of their first civil right physical safety eventually evolved into the federal correctional system that now deprives them, in unjustly large numbers, of another important right freedom The First Civil Right is a groundbreaking analysis of root of the conflicts that lie at the intersection of race and the legal system in America.
    The First Civil Right How Liberals Built Prison America The explosive rise in the U S incarceration rate in the second half of the twentieth century and the racial transformation of the prison population from mostly white at mid century to sixty five perc

    One thought on “The First Civil Right: How Liberals Built Prison America”

    1. An incredible study of the legal and political history of the carceral state from the civil rights era onwards that reveals how liberal conceptualizations of law and order and rights based ideology undergirded the development of the modern American carceral state and its transfiguration of state sanctioned racial violence Murakawa forcefully and rigorously explores the development of carceral policies across the bulk of the book, leading to a beautifully written and powerful conclusion that serv [...]

    2. Compelling argument that the usual way of looking at law and order GOP is tough on crime, demos are soft on crime , is wrong Instead, the rise in mass incarceration is ultimately laid at the feet of liberals as much as conservatives.Specifically, the author argues that liberals have looked at law and order a k a the carceral state as a solution to lawlessnesswhether it be lawless lynchings, riots, or black on black crime By focusing on procedural reforms, liberals, like conservatives, have allow [...]

    3. In response to state sanctioned lynchings and race riots, liberals reformed the criminal justice system to secure due process for all, seeking impartial procedures and professionalized enforcement The author relies upon a specious postmodern analysis to not only claim that these reforms were somehow racist, but also to avoid having to propose a clear and workable alternative to the present system You can support sentencing reform without throwing out the baby with the bath water.

    4. With the understanding and conceptual framework of seeing the problem of racial justice through the state apparatus, the author proposes that the laws that have been created to build out the current carceral punishment complex, also known as the prison industrial complex, are a part of a liberal law and order agenda This liberal law and order agenda has used as decades have past all sorts of societal issues but specifically the racial tension or white violence that this country has been built up [...]

    5. I am very glad I read this book It was not an easy read, but a very necessary one The author s analysis of how we have come to live in such a prison America is quite nuanced and thought provoking The author makes a compelling case for politicians trying out gun so to speak each other on proving how tough they are on crime and damn the consequences to the real people who end up incarcerated This is a brilliant, thoughtful, analysis of how we have come to this point that makes one aware of the rea [...]

    6. Good readGood read Easy to follow and does an excellent job relating history with present issues Read for a class and finished the book with a full understanding of it s purpose.

    7. An important intervention in literature on the emergence of the carceral state Not the most expansive or accessible book, but opens up the discussion on how liberals and liberalisms distinctly contributed to the building of a racialized carceral state.

    8. Absolutely fascinating Murakawa reveals how the rhetoric of the Civil Rights movement actually created an environment in which naturalized, objective racism could occur.

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