UNLIMITED BOOK ✓ Philosophical Investigations - by Ludwig Wittgenstein G.E.M. Anscombe

Philosophical Investigations By Ludwig Wittgenstein G.E.M. Anscombe,

  • Title: Philosophical Investigations
  • Author: Ludwig Wittgenstein G.E.M. Anscombe
  • ISBN: 9780631231271
  • Page: 404
  • Format: Hardcover
  • MEDICAL, PHILOSOPHY, ENGLISH AND GERMAN TEXT
    Philosophical Investigations MEDICAL PHILOSOPHY ENGLISH AND GERMAN TEXT

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    1. If you read first Wittgenstein s Tractatus, and then follow it with his Philosophical Investigations, you will treat yourself to perhaps the most fascinating intellectual development in the history of philosophy Wittgenstein has the distinct merit of producing, not one, but two enormously influential systems of philosophy systems, over, that are at loggerheads with one another In fact, I wouldn t recommend attempting to tackle this work without first reading the Tractatus, as the Investigations [...]

    2. An offline discussion with Simon Evnine prompted me to reread the first few sections of this book, which I hadn t looked at in ages They inspired the following short story Wang s First Day on the JobWang is a Chinese construction worker who s just arrived in the US He doesn t know a word of English, but he figures he ll get by The important thing is that he knows construction work His English speaking cousin takes him to a building site and manages to get him hired by Wittgenstein Construction I [...]

    3. This is the first work by Wittgenstein I ve ever read I ve been terrified of him for years, truth be told I ve read a biography by W.W Bartley III wouldn t you love to be the third I would stick the three I s on the end of my name too, if I was, but unfortunately I m only Trevor the Second The main memory I have of that book is of Wittgenstein waiting to be captured in WWI and him humming the second movement of Beethoven s Seventh That has always been one of my all time favourite pieces of music [...]

    4. I couldn t possibly do Philosophical Investigations justice in a review Even though I ve read it several times, I don t understand than a fraction of it The unworthy thought does sometimes cross my mind that its author didn t understand it either, but you understand I m just jealous because I m not a Great Philosopher I would so like to be one.Assuming you aren t an aspiring Great Philosopher, my advice is not to take this book too seriously it is very frustrating Skim it quickly, then check ou [...]

    5. This book is about the concept of grammar Can a single word be a meaningful, grammatical statement I have a toddler, and so I know that it can Milky means the same thing as bring me the milky in our language game So, how can this be What about grammar Well, Wittgenstein argues that there must be a grammar for the imperative milky to be understood Where is this grammar There are rules and training that indicate what must be done when Seneca says milky For example, I go to the refrigerator, get th [...]

    6. This book is too complex to summarize, but here is a nutshell If you want to know the meaning of a word, consider how the word is used Words are used in a variety of language games, interactions among people, which display family resemblances That is, there is no single model which shows the essence of how words are used, but rather there are many overlapping and differing language games, each of which is a different model.Enough summarizing Now to what I am interested in, what I called, once be [...]

    7. o my crap, what a tortured soul Ludwig Wittgenstein was this guy stared into the impenetrable pitch blackness that was the tangled midnight jungle of his own inner existence, sharpened his machete, and plunged in, hacking and flailing and lunging wildly he wrestles chiefly with the concepts of language, meaning, understanding, and states of consciousness part I consists of 693 short numbered sections about 4 to a page this was sent to the publisher but pulled back at the last second five years b [...]

    8. Exasperating, but worth it.The syntax of the Investigations has a jaggedly Asperger s feel to it Too often Wittgenstein sounds like a malfunctioning android jabbering its core protocols to itself, pacing in frantic circles, waving its arms in a vexed Philosophy is the sickness and I m the cure manner The loathsome blend of pedantry and vagueness throughout Part 1 hectoring in tone, nebulous in definition can be maddening As a communicator, Wittgenstein often ranks with Kant or Heidegger, pitiles [...]

    9. This book was assembled posthumously, Wittgenstein having published very little in his lifetime Although usually coupled with the Tractatus, it is actually representative of his thought and method.The virtue of Wittgenstein may be that with him there is no hint of metaphysical conceit or self deception, but rather a consistent treatment of reality as, in fact, various language games language being understood broadly to include everything from the semiotic to the symbolic, the denotative to the [...]

    10. itati Vitgen tajna u okviru celokupne tradicije zapadne filozofije je kao da Odiseju po nete da itate od poslednjih nekoliko poglavlja, presko iv i sve to se pre toga zbilo Dakle potrebno je imati vrlo dobro predznanje, pogotovo o nekim pitanjima koja su pokrenuta jo u Platonovim dijalozima, pa onda i o raskolu izme u idealista i realista, uop e o mnogo toga to dolazi pre Tematika je obra ena in medias res, nikakav se uvod ne pravi, niti se obja njava istorijat ideja i problema koji se tretiraju [...]

    11. As a philosopher, Wittgenstein isn t terribly systematic rather shocking for an analytic thinker I would argue that he s an original, using analytic thought experiments , continental literary examples , pragmatic everyday life as a litmus test , and Nietzschean aphoristic style, attitude problem elements Hell, I m almost loathe to call it philosophy at all It s like a gorgeous, dense, glittering puzzle box I guarantee that when I read it again somewhere down the line, I ll get something entirel [...]

    12. To date the most overrated work of 20th century analytic thought if one wishes to truly count the later Wittgenstein as an analytic Written in a fragmentary styled not seen in the traditional philosophical corpus since Spinoza, Wittgenstein often leaves the reader guessing at what he could possibly be referencing The work starts out quite strong as a critique of Russell and Moore, concerning their conceptions of language and its logic But as the work progresses, many philosophers mistakenly take [...]

    13. After the publication of the Tractatus, Wittgenstein felt he had nothing to contribute to philosophy He spent the 1920s in a variety of jobs He was a schoolteacher in a small Austrian village, a gardener, and an amateur architect During this time, he still had some connection with the philosophical world, notably in his conversations with Frank Ramsey on the Tractatus that gradually led him to recognize that this work was flawed in a number of respects In the late twenties, he also came into co [...]

    14. Wittgenstein Apostle, soldier, school teacher, hermit, mathematician, architect, inheritor of the Chair of the Moral Sciences Club from Moore at Cambridge, cousin of F von Hayek, scion of the wealthiest Jewish according to the Nuremberg laws industrialist family in Austria who renounced his fortune W was one of the most intimidating characters in the English philosophy scene Take a look at Wittgenstein s Poker to get just how impossible a character he was.W has influenced every significant philo [...]

    15. Here are some lines 19 And to imagine a language means to imagine a form of life 40 Let us first discuss this point of the argument that a word has no meaning if nothing corresponds to it 47 But what are the simple constituent parts of which reality is composed What are the simple constituent parts of a chair The bits of wood of which it is made Or the molecules, or the atoms Simple means not composite And here the point is in what sense composite It makes no sense at all to speak absolutely of [...]

    16. One aspect of this book that makes it important for simply that contribution is the notion of language games If language produces reality, different languages produce different realities In this book, German philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein developed the related notion of language games, islands of language, unique each to itself, not wholly translatable one into another Each of us inhabits a particular language game, he claims, which channels how we see things and understand the world and our pl [...]

    17. This is, of course, one of the great books of the 20th century, and it blew my head away when I first read it However, I have since come to mistrust its conclusions The central task of language is communication The central question in linguistics is How is it possible for one person to understand another It is actually possible for people from quite different societies to come to understand each other How is this possible I do not think Wittgenstein gives a satisfactory answer to this question W [...]

    18. Perhaps the most influential book of philosophy written in the 20th century It s only rival is likely Heidegger s Being and Time This is my third time reading this very technical book Each time I read it two things happen 1 The focus of the book seems narrow 2 The ramifications of the book seem broad Wittgenstein asks How does language operate His answer Not according to a logical superstructure but according to discrete games , rules, and patterns What does a word mean Not according to dictio [...]

    19. When I read this years ago, I struggled with it Tractatus had been so beautifully efficient and lucid wrong, but beautiful nonetheless Then I dove into PI and floundered On second reading I ve had a lot peripheral material to help me grasp the ideas What I really wish I d had was this Commentary on Wittgenstein s Philosophical Investigations by Lois ShawverThis site not only lists the complete text, but also side by side commentary from Shawver I don t generally like to read books like this onl [...]

    20. Well, definitely awesome exposition, but I figured most of this out playing in the backyard when I was 12 Surely philosophy has something to say than these largely self evident truths Anyone with half a brain will recognize and cherish Wittgenstein s exposition, but seriously, basic context sensitive linguistics is something we ve all considered intuitively 2009 02 20.

    21. I won t here enumerate the book s content brief summaries of its main points are everywhere What makes it so excellent is in the smaller details here and there, and their implications going forwards I read and reviewed this some time ago, but having sat on it for a while, and read some other books tangent to it, I felt compelled to come back and rewrite this.Many people like to say that the book is poorly structured, dense and elusive Maybe, but all to a purpose Wittgenstein understood the role [...]

    22. Philosophical Investigations if you want to understand Wittgenstein, begin with the Blue and Brown Books They prepared Philosophical Investigations You may think that Wittgenstein is always repeating himself As a matter of fact, Wittgenstein himself, confessed that he needed to repeat, to copy his own wrintings again But this shows his way of thinking, turning arround a problem, a concept or any philosophical idea He wanted to see through the language, the deep grammar This is where he used to d [...]

    23. This is a hard book to evaluate At times, I felt that Wiggentstein was the sole beacon of lucidity in a haze of philosophical muddlement But at others, I couldn t help but think that the Philosophical Tribulations of a certain Louis Witteringswine was rather way too good of a parody.All things considered, I found the first 100 or so paragraphs to be the most informative not incidentally, they constitute what is probably the most accessible section of the text Elsewhere, Wittgenstein s apparent i [...]

    24. I rated this three stars at first because I wanted to look smart, but now, a few days later, I have to be honest this was boring even when read in the context of a reading group, with plenty of secondary material if I had attempted it on my own, it would have been completely impenetrable I m sure it s really brilliant and I m just missing the point, but Wittgenstein s idea of what philosophy should look like holds no real appeal for me Of course, I have no intention of letting this interfere wit [...]

    25. The only truly great work of philosophy This is not a mere book, it is an instruction manual for how to make sense If one s philosophical reasoning is not guided by the ideas contained within this book, one is simply poking around in the dark Wittgenstein s ideas are at the core of any philosophy that s worth its salt, and thus this book is perhaps the most important piece of intellectual work in human history.

    26. To have the temerity to think I could say something intelligent about this book would be pure hubris It s at the bottom of the most profound ideas of the last century I read it 40 years ago and thought it might be good to review It was.

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